Brown spots, pigmentation and uneven skin tone is something that affects many of us and can become more noticeable as we age. What once was a clean canvas of flawless skin, could later become a patchwork of small patches of discoloration.

What causes hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation can occur as a result of the body producing too much or too little melanin. Faulty melanin production creates the pigment within our skin, eyes and hair and a change in hormones or too much sun exposure can cause this to interfere with the production of melanin.

Increased exposure to the sun is the primary cause of hyperpigmentation and this can often be linked to hormonal changes such as when women are pregnant or on birth control pills. In addition, any form of inflammation such as acne, bites, or shaving rash can also trigger post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, leaving a darker mark behind.


To stop hyperpigmentation from forming, prevention is vital. Too much over exposure in your twenties, not only to sunlight, but also to temperature changes and environmental aggressors such as pollution, can results in hyperpigmentation. Whilst Vitamin D does provide health benefits, still so many of us do not wear sun protection.

For pregnant women, protection from the sun is vital, as with the hormonal changes, hyperpigmentation will be much more likely to occur with exposure to the sun. The Aqua Physics Defence Cream will not only protect your skin from harmful rays, but also from environmental pressures and changes in temperature. Protection will become even more important if you are already treating the hyperpigmentation, as any lightening ingredients will make your skin more sensitive to the sun.


Fortunately, 111Skin has an array of products to solve the problem of hyperpigmentation. The Y Theorem Repair Light Serum works wonders on dark patches as the potent ingredient arbutin will brighten the skin.