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Establishing a good skincare routine is vital for the health and appearance of your skin, but how much do you really know about this complex organ? With a total area of around 20 square feet, the skin is a vital organ which protects us from microbes, dirt and germs. It’s also responsible for regulating our body temperature, protecting us from the elements and allowing us to feel the sensations of heat, cold and touch.

While the skin is made of many different layers and specialized cells, we’ve listed the three main layers below so you can get to know this important organ a little better.

1. Epidermis

Otherwise known as the outer layer of the skin, the epidermis includes the skin you see everyday like the surface. It consist of a number of layers, the deepest of which is extremely active and constantly dividing the produce new cells.

These new cells are pushed up through the dermis and toward the surface of the skin. During this process the cells die and become filled with the protein Keratin. These tough cells make up the outer part of the dermis and provide your body with protection.

Regular exfoliating, around two to three times a week, will help keep the skin looking bright and radiant. Our Lift Off Exfoliating Cleanser contains tartaric acid, lactic acid and papaya enzyme to remove the build of dead skin cells which make your complexion look dull.

2. Dermis

This is the inner-mid layer of the skin which is made up of two parts. The upper layer, the papillary region, consists of thin collagen fibres. The reticual layer, the second part, is more tightly packed with dense collagen fibres, which run parallel to the skin’s surface, and elastic fibres.

Collagen, keeps our skin looking plump, and elastin fibres allows our skin to stretch but as we age levels of both begin to decrease, making the skin prone to sagging and wrinkles. Our Celestial Black Diamond Collection contains crushed black diamond particles to allow the potent NAC Y2 formula to penetrate the skin and deliver the anti-ageing ingredients deep into the skin.

The dermis acts a cushion for injury, when you cut yourself it forms new tissue. It also functions to regulate your body temperature, adjusting blood flow depending on whether you are hot or cold.


This is the deeper subcutaneous layer is made of fat and connective tissue. This is innermost and thickest layer of the skin which acts as an energy reserve by accumulating and storing fats. Collagen and elastin fibres attach the hypodermis to the above layer.